What is insomnia?
Insomnia is a common sleep disorder, characterized by difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep. As many as 30 to 35% of American adults complain of insomnia.
What are the different types of insomnia?
There are two different types of insomnia:
Short term insomnia: This type of insomnia occurs in 15-20% of people. It is brief, lasting for up to three months.
Chronic insomnia: This type of insomnia occurs in around 10% of people. It takes place at least three times per week and lasts for at least three months.
What causes insomnia?
Insomnia can be caused by psychiatric and medical conditions, unhealthy sleep habits, specific substances, and/or certain biological factors.
What are the symptoms of insomnia?
Insomnia symptoms may include:
- Difficulty falling asleep at night
- Constant awakening during the night
- Awakening too early in the morning
- Not feeling well-rested after a night of sleep
- Daytime tiredness or sleepiness
- Irritability, depression or anxiety
- Difficulty concentrating
- Tension headaches
- Distress in the stomach and/or intestines
- Ongoing anxiety about sleep
What does insomnia treatment entail?
Treatment options for insomnia may include non-medical and medical options:
- Non-Medical Treatments – Behavior and lifestyle treatments can improve overall sleep quality. Relaxation exercises, stimulus control, sleep restriction and cognitive behavioral therapies are some examples of non-medical techniques to treat insomnia.
- Medical Treatments – There are many different types of sleep aids for insomnia, including non-prescription and prescription medications. In order to determine what’s best for you, it’s important to consult with a sleep specialist. Prescription medications for insomnia may include benzodiazepines, non-benzodiazepine hypnotics, antidepressants, antihistamines and melatonin receptor agonists.
If you are suffering from insomnia, it is critical to understand the underlying cause(s) of your sleep difficulties. A sleep disorder specialist will be able to make a proper diagnosis and recommend the best treatment options. NYC sleep specialist, Dr. Prabhat Soni, has years of experience in treating patients with insomnia. Schedule an appointment today to get the sleep you deserve.